FASCISM (/ˈfæʃɪzəm/) – a form of radical authoritarian ultranationalism characterized by dictatorial power, forcible suppression of opposition, and strong regimentation of society and of the economy, which came to prominence in early 20th-century Europe. The first fascist movements emerged in Italy during World War I before it spread to other European countries. It is opposed to liberalism, Marxism, and anarchism, and saw World War I as a revolution that brought massive changes to the nature of war, society, the state, and technology. The advent of total war and the total mass mobilization of society broke down the distinction between civilians and combatants. A military citizenship arose in which all citizens were involved with the military in some manner. WW I resulted in the rise of a powerful state capable of mobilizing millions of people to serve on the front lines and providing economic production and logistics to support them, as well as having unprecedented authority to intervene in the lives of citizens. Fascists believe that democracy is obsolete and regard the mobilization of society under a one-party state as necessary to prepare a nation for armed conflict and to respond effectively to economic difficulties. Such a state is led by a strong leader, such as a dictator and a martial government to forge national unity and maintain a stable and orderly society. Fascism rejects assertions that violence is automatically negative in nature and views political violence, war, and imperialism as means that can achieve national rejuvenation. Fascists advocate an economy whose principal goal is that of achieving national economic self-sufficiency through protectionist and interventionist economic policies.